Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) is a therapeutic approach that focuses on cultivating self-compassion and compassion towards others and eventually ourselves as a means of promoting psychological well-being. Rooted in evolutionary psychology and neuroscience, CFT recognises that humans have a natural capacity for compassion but may struggle to direct it towards themselves or others due to various factors such as self-criticism, shame, or trauma. Through a combination of mindfulness, visualisation, and psychoeducation, CFT helps people to understand the importance of self-compassion and develop skills to nurture a kind and understanding relationship with themselves. By fostering a sense of safety and warmth, CFT aims to reduce shame, guilt and self-criticism and to enhance self-soothing abilities, and facilitate emotional regulation. Additionally, CFT encourages people to extend compassion to others, fostering healthier relationships and a sense of interconnectedness. This therapy is particularly beneficial for individuals dealing with issues such as low self-esteem, chronic self-criticism, or difficulties in forming and maintaining relationships.